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When asked whether Omega would start placing automatic movements in their watches, then-CEO Paul-Emile Brandt remarked, “If our clients are too lazy to wind their watch everyday, then we should stop producing watches!”
Of course, before John Harwood filed his patent for an automatic wristwatch movement in 1920s, clients had no other choice. Watches needed to be wound by hand. And these watches, powered by tightly-coiled springs, had to be wound once a day or they would lose power, and thus, precision. In the Age of Sail, when sailors relied on marine chronometers to determine their bearings, the importance of keeping a watch fully-wound was paramount. An imprecise reckoning led to a ship sailing miles off course—and the result was often fatal.
So watchmakers devised a mechanism to measure and display the remaining power in these chronometers: a power reserve indicator.
Antoine-Louis Breguet developed a pocket watch with a power reserve indicator in the 19th century, and as the Age of Sail gave way to the Age of Steam, railroad chronometers began to display them. It was another hundred years or more before power reserve indicators first began appearing on wristwatches. The first was created, fittingly enough, by Breguet in the 1930s, though it never saw mass-production.
As automatic or self-winding movements began to appear, the power reserve indicator saw new life. Though consumers no longer needed to hand-wind their watches, a power reserve indicator served as a gentle reminder that automatic watches sometimes need to be wound if they’ve been sitting idle. In the 1940s, Jaeger-LeCoultre became the first manufacture to include power reserve indicators in serialized watches, starting with the aptly-named Powermatic. This watch, which was produced from 1948 to 1959, saw prominence on the wrist of James Dean, who was wearing one in the car crash that took his life. In fact, the Powermatic is still being produced by JLC today under the name Reserve de Marche.
Though perhaps now best known for its association with horse racing, Longines has been a staple of the Swiss watchmaking industry since the mid 19th century, and has gained a reputation for the masterfulness of its design—and its creative use of complications, the power reserve being one of them.
This watch, Reference 9032, is part of the Conquest line. Launched in 1954, the Conquest line represented a “stepping-stone to progress” for Longines, which had been a well-known and well-respected name in Swiss watchmaking since the mid-19th century. During World War II, Longines found itself producing wristwatches for the British Ministry of Defense—the acclaimed “Greenlander” of Dirty Dozen fame.
After the war, the manufacture from the “long meadows” sought to stretch its creative and technical muscles, and the Conquest was one way to achieve that.
The 1950s were a time when many manufactures, free from the military contracts that had restricted production, began to experiment and implement new horological innovations. The watches that Longines released following the war reflected the sturdy construction of the Greenlander, but utilized the manufacture’s early automatic wristwatch movements, the Calibre 22A, first released in 1946. The Conquest—like the Omega Seamaster, another benchmark of post-war horology design—was Longines’ way of blazing forward to unexplored frontiers while still keeping one foot firmly in the past.
The Reference 9032 is notable for its sturdy steel case (with a circular medallion in the center of the case back in trademark green), with beefy chamfered lugs, a feature often found on Seamasters of the period. But the Conquest’s crowning glory is the dial, which displays a circular power reserve indicator on a disc in the center. As the power runs down, the disc rotates back to zero.
The dial of this Conquest is an exercise in variance. Though the applied gold hour markers and the date at 12 o’clock catch the eye, the gaze is draw around, ever around, along the chapter ring and that visually-arresting power reserve indicator. With watches like this one, it’s no secret why vintage Longines continues to be desirable.
Stainless steel case is approximately 35mm (excluding crown). Longines Conquest Reference 9032. Longines Calibre 294 Self-Winding Movement. Circa 1950.
Overall Condition: Stainless steel case is in very good condition with sharp bevels on the lugs. Case does have minimal signs of use and wear in keeping with its age, including some scuffs and scratches. Dial is in good condition, showing heavy patination with some moisture damage from 10:00 to 11:00. Unsigned crown. Case back shows some signs of use and wear but is in otherwise very good condition, the caseback emblem retaining its green hue.
Includes one 18mm light brown ostrich strap.
Analog/Shift stands behind the authenticity of our products in perpetuity.
We back each Analog/Shift vintage timepiece with a one-year mechanical warranty from the date of purchase.
All of our watches include complementary insured shipping within the 50 states. We are happy to hand deliver your purchase in Manhattan or you may pick it up at our showroom.
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